🎰 sloth | Definition, Habitat, Diet, & Facts | Britannica

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Common Name: Three-Toed Sloths. Scientific Name: Bradypus The sloth is the world's slowest mammal, so sedentary that algae grows on its furry coat.


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From Middle English slouthe, slewthe (“laziness”), from Old English slǣwþ (“sloth, indolence, laziness, inertness, torpor”), from Proto-Germanic *slaiwiþō.


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SLOTH Meaning: "indolence, sluggishness," formed from Middle English slou, slowe (see slow (adj.)) + abstract formative See definitions of sloth.


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Learn the fascinating origin of the Sloth surname; its meaning & distribution. Unlock your family history in the largest database of last names.


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Sloth Name Meaning. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage.


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Sloth, tree-dwelling mammal noted for its slowness of movement. The maned sloth gets its name from the long black hair on the back of its head and neck.


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Sloth Name Meaning. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage.


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Sloth Name Meaning. Historically, surnames evolved as a way to sort people into groups - by occupation, place of origin, clan affiliation, patronage, parentage.


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From Middle English slouthe, slewthe (“laziness”), from Old English slǣwþ (“sloth, indolence, laziness, inertness, torpor”), from Proto-Germanic *slaiwiþō.


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There are six species of sloth, and they come in two varieties: two-toed and three-toed. Sloths have an average life span of 20 to 30 years in the wild, but captive sloths tend to live a bit longer. Most sloths will occupy several trees during their lifetime, but some, including the three-toed species, may spend their entire lives in the tree they were born in, according to Bradley Trevor Greive's book, " Priceless: The Vanishing Beauty of A Fragile Planet " Andrews McMeel Publishing, For the most part, a sloth's life revolves around sleeping and eating in its tree homes. The sloth's long claws — 3 to 4 inches 8 to 10 centimeters — make walking on the ground difficult, so they spend most of their time in the tall trees they call home. They use their long claws to hang onto branches while they feast on the leaves that other animals can't reach. Captive sloths typically sleep for 15 to 20 hours per day, while wild sloths rarely rest for more than 10 hours, according to research by the Planck Institute for Ornithology in Starnberg, Germany. Even after they stop dangling from their mother, little sloths stay by their mother's side for two to four years, depending on their species. Staying out of sight is the sloth's best defense against its predators, which include jaguars, harpy eagles and humans. Having green fur provides these arboreal animals with camouflage to blend in among the trees. Though their ancestors lived in North America, modern sloths live in Central and South America, enjoying the tall trees found in rain, cloud and mangrove forests. In fact, it can take up to a month for a sloth to digest a single meal, according to the Jacksonville Zoo in Florida. All mammals, from humans to giraffes, have seven vertebrae in their necks — except for sloths and manatees. They cling to their mother's belly until they are able to feed themselves, which can take anywhere from five weeks to six months, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica. They also like to sleep hanging by their claws from tree branches. The mating habits and gestations times of a sloth vary widely by species, Chiarello said. Three-toed sloths, on the other hand, are almost entirely herbivorous plant eaters. Because sloths inhabit rainforests prone to seasonal flooding, the ability to swim is essential to their survival. Ancient sloths could grow to be as large as an elephant. For most species of sloth, females mature faster than male sloths, according to the San Diego Zoo. However, the maned three-toed sloth Bradypus torquatus , native to Brazil's rapidly shrinking Atlantic Forest, is classified as vulnerable to extinction and the pygmy three-toed sloth, found only on Panama's Escudo Island, is classified as critically endangered. Their leafy diet isn't very nutritious, so they don't get much energy from it, which could be the reason for their sluggish lifestyle. The algae works to the sloth's advantage. But like many herbivorous mammals , sloths have a multichambered stomachs filled with symbiotic bacteria that can break down cellulose. Despite sloths being relatively defenseless creatures, their populations aren't struggling as a whole. After they are born, the babies aren't in a hurry to leave their mother. Sloths mate and give birth in trees. Live Science. However, the reverse is true for the the three-toed, pale-throated sloth. A three-toed sloth can rotate its head nearly 90 degrees or more, and its mouth is shaped in a way that makes the animal appear as if it's always smiling.{/INSERTKEYS}{/PARAGRAPH} Swimming also offers sloths a means of covering more ground in less time when searching for a mate or scoping out new territory, according to Azula , a nonprofit ocean news organization. Two-toed sloth species have between five and seven neck vertebrae, while three-toed sloths have eight or nine. Three-toed sloths tend to breed during late summer to early fall and give birth early the next year, while two-toed sloth species have a "blurred reproductive schedule that happens year-round," Chiarello said. Their diet consists primarily of leafs and buds from select species of tree, including the leafy cecropia tree. Sloths are considered the world's slowest animal. Gestation can take anywhere from five to six months, as it does for the pale-throated sloth Bradypus tridactylus , to All female sloths have only one baby at a time. But sloths have little time to feel lonely given their rigorous sleep schedule. Having a few extra neck vertebrae allows three-toed sloths to rotate their heads up to degrees. Please deactivate your ad blocker in order to see our subscription offer. Sloths are solitary creatures that rarely interact with one another outside of breeding season. Two-toed sloths are omnivorous , meaning they can consume plants and animals. These mammals come down from the treetops only to poop which they do once a week , search for a mate or to establish new territory. Three-toed sloths are about the size of a medium-sized dog at around 23 to 27 inches 58 to 68 cm and The two-toed sloths are slightly bigger than the three-toed sloths, though they share many of the same features. Sloths prefer sleeping while curled into a ball in the fork of a tropical tree. Their diet includes fruits, leaves, insects and small lizards. This article was updated on Nov. These altercations, though rare, can be surprisingly violent. In , a captive sloth at the Adelaide Zoo in Australia died at age Compared with most mammals, sloths move very slowly. Thousands of years ago, sloths were much larger , according to the San Diego Zoo. More than half of all sloths harbor this algae, which gives their coarse, brownish-gray coats a greenish hue during the rainy season. Sloths may be slow climbers, but they are speedy swimmers. {PARAGRAPH}{INSERTKEYS}Sloths are tropical mammals that live in Central and South America. Nonetheless, humans pose a threat to the continued survival of sloths through deforestation and poaching. Female two-toed sloths typically reach sexual maturity at approximately 3 years of age, while males mature at 4 to 5 years of age. They creep at such a slow pace that algae grows on their fur. They roamed North America and became extinct around 10, years ago. If more than one male answers this call, the suitors will fight for her by hanging from branches by their feet and swiping at each other. Sloths digest food even more slowly than they eat it. It takes them about a minute to climb only 6 to 8 feet 1. Courting starts when a female yells a shrill, monoton mating scream to let the males in the area know she is ready. This green algae, known as Trichophilus , grows only on the fur of sloths.